● Describe how the body maintains homeostasis.


This course provides a comprehensive look at the human body’s structure and functions. Topics include organization of the body, characteristics of life, anatomical terminology, how the body maintains homeostasis, the relationship of chemistry to anatomy and physiology, and cell function and division. The skin, skeletal system, muscles, and nervous system are examined. Sensory organs and the endocrine system are also presented. Several diseases and disorders are discussed, and as well as the cause, detection, and treatment of them.

Course Objectives

After completing this course, you will be able to:

● Describe the structural and functional organization of the body.

● Explain the characteristics of life.

● Use anatomical terminology.

● Describe how the body maintains homeostasis.

● Relate chemistry to the field of anatomy and physiology.

● Describe how cells function and divide.

● Discuss the structures and functions of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems.

● Describe how muscles, bones, and nerves work together to create movement.

● Describe the structure and function of sensory organs.

● Compare healthy and diseased tissues.

● Name several diseases and disorders of the body and explain what causes them.

● Explain how diseases and disorders of the body are detected and treated.

● Describe the interactions between various organ systems in the body


● Describe the levels or organization of the body.

● Describe the different types of Anatomical Imaging used in the clinical setting.

● List the 11 organ systems along with their major organs and functions.

● Define the characteristics of life.

● Define homeostasis and explain its importance.

● Differentiate between positive and negative feedback mechanisms and give examples of each.

● Describe the anatomical position and directional terminology used to locate body structures.

● Know correct anatomical terminology for all body parts and regions.

● Describe the three major planes of the body.

● Describe the major trunk cavities, their divisions, and organs located in each.

● Identify and define elements, atoms, ions, molecules, matter, mass, and weight.

● Recognize symbols for the most important elements, atoms, ions, and molecules in the body

● Explain the subatomic particles of an atom.

● Define atomic number, mass number, isotope, atomic mass, and molarity.

● Compare and contrast ionic and covalent bonds.

● Know the difference between a molecule and a compound.

● Explain hydrogen bonding.

● Discuss solubility and dissociation.

● Summarize the characteristics of synthesis, decomposition, reversible, and oxidation-reduction reactions.

● Illustrate what happens in dehydration and hydrolysis reactions.

● Discuss potential and kinetic energy.

● Describe the factors that affect chemical reactions.

● Differentiate between organic and inorganic compounds.

● Describe the properties of water.

● Describe the pH scale and its relationship to acids, bases, and neutral substances.

● Explain how buffers work.

● Describe the structural organization and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

● Explain how enzymes work.

● Describe the structures and functions of nucleic acids.

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