In the Miranda case, the US Supreme Court made a ruling that police officers should inform suspected criminals of their constitutional rights before questioning and demanding responses from them. Chief Justice Warren ruled that suspected criminals should be made aware that their silence during police interrogation is safeguarded by the law, and anything they utter might be utilized as evidence against them in a law court (Ruschmann, 2007).
Seemingly, the Escobedo v Illinois case is strongly in support of the Miranda (1966) case. In the former, which was considered a foreshadow of the Miranda case, counsel had to be present during the interrogation of suspected criminals by police officers, especially before trial.
Other cases that supported the Miranda case include the Berkemer v McCarty (1984) case, where the US Supreme Court made a decision that a criminal interrogated while in custody should benefit from the procedural safeguards stipulated in the Miranda case (Ruschmann, 2007). The crucial fact in the court’s decision is that a criminal had to benefit from Miranda rights notwithstanding the severity of the offense (Ruschmann, 2007). In this context, it is agreeable that Berkemer v McCarty (1984) case is in support of the Miranda ruling.
Providing a strong challenge or opposition to the Miranda case was the Dickerson v United States (2000) case, which questioned the validity of the safeguards stipulated in the Miranda case (Ruschmann, 2007). Dickerson’s case argued that the conclusions made in the Miranda case were not in accordance with the US Constitution, but were measures enacted by the judges of the US Supreme Court. With this argument, it is agreeable that the Dickerson v United States (2000) case strongly opposes the Miranda case.
Ruschmann, P. (2007). Miranda rights. New York: Chelsea House.
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