Sentencing is done with five basic goals in mind: Retribution, Incapacitation, Deterrence, Rehabilitation, and ___________________?A. Out of SpiteB. FairnessC. RestorationD.
High conviction rates2 pointsQUESTION 2Incapacitation is the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood an offender is capable of committing future offenses.TrueFalse2 pointsQUESTION 3Match the criminal sentencing term with its definition:An attempt to reduce/stop crime by changing the attitude toward crime as a whole and the overall behavior of offenders.An attempt by the criminal justice system to â€œrestoreâ€ the victim to the state they were before the crime occurred.The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood an offender is capable of committing future offenses.The goal of criminal sentencing that seeks to restrain criminal behavior because they fear the punishment if caught.Holds offenders personally responsible; they get their â€œjust deserts.â€A model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation via the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences.A model of criminal punishment where an offender is given a fixed sentence that may be reduced by good behavior while serving his/her time or for worked performed while serving their sentence.A. RetributionB. IncapacitationC. Determinate SentencingD. DeterrenceE. RehabilitationF. RestorationG. Indeterminate Sentencing14 pointsQUESTION 4The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 did what?A. Limit federal judgesâ€™ discretionB. Reduce disparityC. Promote consistency and uniformityD. Increase fairness and equityE. All the above2 pointsQUESTION 5What effect did United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005) have on the courts?A. Invalidated any state sentencing schema that allowed judges, rather than juries, to determine any factor that increases a criminal sentence, except for prior convictions.B. Held a Career Criminal could be adjudged and sentenced all in a single hearing.C. Held the Sixth Amendment right to jury trial requires only facts admitted by a defendant or proved beyond a reasonable doubt may be used to calculate a sentence. The maximum sentence a judge may impose can be based upon those facts.D. Held judges cannot accept plea bargains that would have resulted in sentences lower than the minimum required by law for a particular type of offense.2 pointsQUESTION 6A Presentence Investigation Report (PSI) is?A. An investigative report into the history of a convicted personB. Contained in the police officerâ€™s criminal report of the crime.C. No longer used by the courts due to Tennessee v. Garner.D. Are only done when requested by the defense.2 pointsQUESTION 7Restorative programs are characterized by which key value:A. Encounter: Create opportunities for victims, offenders and community members to meet to discuss the crime and its aftermath.B. Amends: Expect offenders to take steps to repair the harm they have caused.C. Reintegration: Seek to restore victims and offenders to whole, contributing members of society.D. Inclusion: Allow parties with a stake in a specific crime to participate in its resolution.E. All are key values of Restorative Justice.2 pointsQUESTION 8Day fines are fines that are levied proportionally according to the severity of the crime and the ___________________________________?A. Strength of the criminal case.B. The amount of money spent on the criminal investigation.C. How much money the victim demands.D. Financial resources of the offender2 pointsQUESTION 9Which are characteristics of parole?A. Subjects generally avoid prison time, is a sentencing decision made by a judge and subject must abide by conditions or risk revocation.B. Offenders must spend time in prison before release, it is an administrative decision made by paroling authority and subject must abide by conditions or risk revocation.C. None are characteristics of parole.D. Both are characteristics of parole.2 pointsQUESTION 10The Samson v. California, 547 U.S. 843 (2006) held?A. Probation Officers are not prohibited from conducting a warrantless search of a person who is subject to a parole search condition, even when there is no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing and the sole reason for the search is because the person is on parole.B. Probation officers may conduct searches of a probationerâ€™s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.C. Probation cannot be revoked for failure to pay a fine and make restitution if it could not be shown the defendant was responsible for the failureâ€¦alternative forms of punishment must be considered before imposing a prison sentence.D. Police officers are not prohibited from conducting a warrantless search of a person who is subject to a parole search condition, even when there is no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing and the sole reason for the search is because the person is on parole.2 pointsQUESTION 11GRIFFIN v. WISCONSIN, 483 U.S. 868 (1987) held?A. Probation officers may conduct searches of a probationerâ€™s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.B. Expanded the search authority normally reserved for probation and parole officers to police officers under certain circumstances.C. Police officers may conduct searches of a probationerâ€™s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.D. All the above2 pointsQUESTION 12Currently the Federal Government and ________ (how many) States allow Capital punishment as a punishment option?A. All 50 states have capital punishment.B. 22 states have capital punishment.C. 38 states have capital punishment.D. Only the Federal Government allows capital punishment.2 pointsQUESTION 13What court case put a moratorium on the death penalty statute on the basis it allowed a jury unguided discretion in the imposition of a capital sentence?A. Kemmler, 136 U. S. 436 (1890).B. Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (1972).C. Gregg v. Georgia 428 U.S. 153 (1976).D. Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002).2 pointsQUESTION 14What court case developed guidelines for jurors to consider before the court could impose the death penalty? In this de
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